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Coaches Blog

Sam's Blog is a bi-weekly addition to the US Youth Soccer Blog. Sam Snow is the Coaching Director for US Youth Soccer.

 

Parent Programming

Sam Snow

Recently, I was in Tennessee to teach a National Youth License coaching course along with Tom Condone, Tennessee State Soccer director of coaching, and Mike Strickler, Florida Youth Soccer director of coaching. Last Tuesday, I was able to visit with parents of Under-11 players with the Collierville Soccer Association, which is just outside of Memphis. Tom Condone and Dale Burke, Tennessee State Soccer executive director, made the trip too. The three of us, at the request of the club executive director Paul Furlong, were able to speak with the parents, the club director of coaching and a couple of the club administrators. The club has recently initiated an academy approach with the Under-11 and younger age groups. The parents had some concerns on this approach providing for sufficient competition for the kids to further develop their soccer talents. We spoke with them on the stair step approach to proper player development and age appropriate competition. The folks asked good questions during the meeting and we had a positive dialog. Here are some of the comments from the club members which they shared after our meeting.

Tom,

I would personally like to thank you and Sam Snow for coming to Collierville and presenting the youth module to our Under-9 through Under-11 parents.  I believe it was very educational and that it hit home with many of them that were in attendance.  Also, I would like to have you come here once a year and present this information to our new, up and coming parents.
Once again, thank you for your time and efforts with parent education.  I have added a few emails below from some of our managers who attended and are in the process of passing on the information they learned.

Regards, Shawn Loth
Junior Lobos Director/Director of Club Training
 


Shawn,

I just wanted to let you know how much I enjoyed the seminar Tuesday night.  I appreciate the efforts made by all involved at CSA to coordinate a visit from the directors of US Youth Soccer and Tenn. State Soccer.

I was able to understand the importance of learning proper technique, striving to play well, and most of all to have fun playing the game for 9, 10, and 11-year-olds.   We have to be responsible, as parents and coaches, to teach these kids that winning is not the only thing that matters.  We tend to ask the question "Did you win?" or ""Did you score?" instead of asking "Did you have fun?"" or "Did you play your best?" and "Did you have a positive impact on the game and your team?" 

They suggested that players not be cut at this age as they are still in the "developmental" stage.  This can result in more than one team, i.e. A, B, and C teams.  With this said, every child should get equal playing time.  Each team should be equally matched.   

One thing that struck me was tournament play.  They recommend playing "in state" such as friendlies.  Set something up that will allow you to get there and back in one day.  Little Rock would be okay as they are only a couple of hours away.  It's not necessary to travel long distances for tournaments at this age.

I used to think that if a coach sat on the bench and didn't interact with the players on the field that he/she didn't care.  The coach is a teacher.  He/She has given them the tools through practices, training, etc. to make decisions on the field for themselves and for their team.  Games are learning experiences.  Everything the players have been taught, experiences they have had from an early age, it all comes together and clicks at the age of 26, 27 or 28!!!!  I wouldn't have guessed that this would be the age they will peak. 

Encourage your child to play!!!!  Not just soccer.  Grab a basketball and shoot some hoops, ride a bike, climb a tree (although that one scares me to death).

They have documents, guides, etc. from both websites that can be very helpful to the parents and players.  "Best Practices", and "The Vision" document were a couple that were mentioned in the meeting.

US Youth Soccer -
www.usyouthsoccer.org
Tennessee State Soccer - www.tnsoccer.org
Proud Parent, Theresa


 
Shawn,

I wanted to thank you for setting up the parent education seminar on March 9th for our Lobos parents.  My husband and I attended the meeting and found it informative and insightful.  I gathered a lot of helpful information during the meeting and have researched several of the websites that were mentioned.  I will be passing on the information to our team parents that were unable to attend the meeting.  I feel that it is very important that all parents hear the proper perspective regarding youth player development.  One key point that I gathered from the meeting was the Under-6 through Under-12 player should focus on the process of playing instead of the outcome.  Another point is that building technical skills at a young age is key to having a successful player at an older age. 

I will pass on what I've learned to other parents in the program and I hope that we are able to have additional seminars of this nature.

Thanks, Sonja
Lady Lobos Manager
 
So the director of coaching and executive director of a State Association, along with the national director of coaching, made a six hour round trip for a one hour meeting to make a difference for a club and the players therein. Join in with us on this team effort to improve the youth soccer experience!
 

Things that go bump on the field

Susan Boyd

Watching college or professional soccer you'd think the injury rate during a game nearly matches the number of players on the field. As Rooney or Drogba writhe on the grass after coming in near contact with an opponent parents might question the safety of the sport. Then, miraculously after a few minutes of agony the injured player leaps up with no residual pain. Even players removed from the pitch on a stretcher end up returning to the game within minutes of their near-death experience. In the absence of serious injury players depend on melodrama to catch their breath. Certainly soccer players aren't immune to serious injury. Just ask Abby Wambach who saw her Olympic hopes dashed by a leg fracture in 2008. However, most soccer injuries involve minimal recuperation without long-term consequences. In fact the rate and severity of injuries to soccer players compare to those of competitive and distance runners (www.soccerinjuries.net).

The two most common areas of the body to suffer soccer injuries are the knees and ankles. Because soccer requires quick turns and sudden bursts of speed followed by sudden stops, the knees and ankles take on a heavier burden of sustaining the player's activity. Ankle injuries are usually strains which can heal by rest, ice, and wraps. Knee injuries, unfortunately, can go beyond strains to include tearing of the meniscus and ligaments. These require surgery and a longer recuperation time, but with few exceptions result in the player being able to return full speed to the game after several months. Even Wambach's leg fracture didn't stop her from scoring her 100th goal a year later.

Although infrequent, head injuries are scary because they can result in concussions, so any head injury has to be taken seriously by players, coaches, and parents. Whenever there's an injury to the head, even if it doesn't seem to result in a concussion, the player should leave the field for a few minutes to get the injury assessed. Most professional players don't follow this advice, but all youth players should. Head injuries don't have to be tremendously traumatic to result in brain swelling and the symptoms which come with that condition. So letting players have a few minutes to see if they develop nausea, dizziness, incoherence, and/or blackouts means that treatment can begin quickly before major damage to the brain occurs. If a player has been knocked out, he or she should not continue to play at all that day, and the injury should be assessed by a physician.

Despite these traumas, soccer remains one of the safest sports around. According to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (www.aaos.org) there were 477,500 soccer injuries reported to doctors and hospitals last year in America most of which (325,000) were minor. In a 1997 study in Canada of youth players 0-19 years of age, researchers made some interesting discoveries about soccer injuries (http://www.injuryresearch.bc.ca). Of all injuries reported those requiring surgery made up 26 percent while concussions were only 1 percent. However they also discovered that girls were twice as likely to be injured as boys and that the lower extremities were affected 46 percent of the time. They joined the AAOS in making several suggestions for minimizing injury: year round fitness conditioning, warming up and cooling down sufficiently for practices and games, securing goal posts (players should never hang from a goal post), and steady increases in training and activity over the course of several weeks. A Swedish study recently published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) stated that there was a 77 percent reduction in knee injuries in female players 13-19 after a soccer-specific exercise program intended to improve motion patterns to reduce stress on the knees (JAMA/Archives journals, news release, Jan. 11, 2010). Another study about pediatric sports injuries lists soccer injuries in practice at 2.3 per 1000 hours and in games at 14.8 per 1000 hours with the majority of injuries being contusions. They also concluded that head injuries from head to ball contact are rare and head injuries overall are low.

Soccer ranks fifth on the list of safest sports. So chances are your son or daughter will play year after year without any major injury. Nevertheless, soccer is a contact sport, and unexpected harsh contact between players or the ground can result in harm. Therefore, if your child complains about any pain especially in the joints, have him or her checked out before returning to practice or games. Even if it is just a sprain or strain, overuse can aggravate the injury and make the recuperation time longer. It can also lead to collateral injury because in protecting the primary injury the player puts unusual stress on other joints. None of us wants to see our kid rolling around on the field. We can hope it was for nothing more than the sake of dramatic effect. But if it is for real pain, we need to take the injury seriously, even if our child pops up and continues to play. US Youth Soccer has recommendations on their website which give guidelines both for prevention and treatment of common soccer injuries (www.usyouthsoccer.org/assets/1/1/SoccerInjuries.doc). With a bit of calm and good preventive conditioning, bumps on the field can result in nothing more than a bruised ego.
 

Irony isn't magnetic

Susan Boyd

Last weekend I saw the movie "The Tooth Fairy" starring Dwayne Johnson, formerly known as "The Rock." I wouldn't expect a kid's movie to drip with irony since irony isn't really a kid thing. But this film had both obvious and subtle irony, which is pretty sophisticated for a movie that throws Johnson into pink tights, a tutu, and wings within the first ten minutes. He plays a hockey defenseman on a farm team in Lansing, Mich., who had previously played in the NHL. He's known as the "Tooth Fairy" or "Tooth" for short, for his proclivity at knocking out opponents' teeth. So you catch on to the ironic set-up from the get go: a man known as the tooth fairy eventually becomes a real tooth fairy. Real is the operative word, since the character finds himself forced into tooth fairy duty because he dares to tell his girlfriend's daughter that the tooth fairy isn't real. Irony again – he says they aren't real, they turn out to be real, and he has to be one for two weeks.

The premise of the film is that we all give up too quickly on our dreams. The "Tooth" argues kids are better off if told the hard truths of life without any sugar coating (which ironically causes tooth decay). Early in the film he has an encounter with a young fan who declares, "I'm the third best scorer on my team." The father beams proudly. "I see," says Tooth, "And I bet you want to play in the NHL." "Oh yeah." "Well you see kid, you're how old, 10, and you are the third best scorer on your team of 10 year olds. And there are hundreds of 10-year-old teams where there are kids who are the number one scorer on their team. But somewhere there's a 10-year-old playing with 12-year-olds who's the best scorer on his team. And even he probably won't make it to the NHL. So find yourself another dream."

Based on the level of irony in the film, I expected a quick flash forward where we see the kid all grown up in a Penguins uniform and pushing a puck towards the goal. But the movie doesn't always settle for the easy resolution. Well, actually it does have a bunch of easy resolutions but just not that one. Which is good, because of course the "Tooth" was right in one aspect. No matter what the sport and no matter how good our child is, there's always someone out there who's better. All of us need the proper perspective. Ironically, and after seeing the film I'm much more in tune with the ironic, I think most kids recognize that what they dream isn't necessarily what they'll achieve. The kids I've met through years of youth sports have a keen eye as to where they fit in the ability levels of their peers. But the dream of success in sports keeps them motivated through the tough times and gives them a connection with their sports' heroes. 

Parents, on the other hand, can have their own dreams, which they expect their kids to own. Johnny may just want to play soccer with his friends and have some fun, but Dad is pushing him to consider college soccer. Dad cringes at mistakes on the field because he sees them as roadblocks to achieving the dream, so he becomes hypercritical of everything Johnny and his teammates do. He may even drag Johnny from club to club trying to find the team that wins and has the prestige worthy of his dream. In the meantime, the reason Johnny plays has been completely forgotten. Does Johnny idolize Ronaldinho or Beckam? Probably. Does he fanaticize about playing at Wembley. No doubt. But it's too early to start nursing that dream into reality. Johnny will switch role model loyalties a dozen times and have scores of dreams before settling on the dream he wants to pursue with hopes of accomplishing.

As parents our job is to support the dreams our kids have and let them own the experience. We can have dreams for our kids, but we need to be careful not to ask our kids to substitute our dreams for theirs. The US Youth Soccer Coaching Education Department developed a Vision document to address the issues of how kids develop athletically and what the fundamental reasons for playing youth sports should be. Most parents understand childhood development as it relates to things such as toilet training, reading, and tying shoes. They don't expect their six-year-old to understand fractions or drive a car. Yet when it comes to sports, parents can have no understanding of sport development in children. All it takes is some 10-year-old phenomenon from Brazil to make parents anxiously push their own kids to be as good. Here's some more irony: most parents have limited or no youth sports experience themselves. So how are they supposed to know what realistic standards are for kids? This Vision document lays out six stages of youth sports development. Competition doesn't even enter the picture until stage four. Up to then kids need to learn the skills necessary to compete, develop the aerobic and muscular growth to execute sophisticated skills, and mature emotionally so they can handle the pressures and expectations of competitive play. In other words, they need to learn to walk before they learn to run. Dreams at this age should be a way to support an interest in the sport not ends to be ruthlessly and systematically pursued.

It turns out that "Tooth" has a dream of his own – to return to the NHL. So, a few minutes of the film are devoted to montages of "Tooth" doing his own off-hours training to achieve his dream. What sets his dream apart from the young fan he encounters is that he understands both the pitfalls and the difficulties of making the dream come true. The young fan measures his own dream of playing in the NHL by the way it makes him feel. So long as he remains excited and has fun with the dream, then he'll keep it. The Vision document highlights that the number one reason both boys and girls play sports is for fun. Dreams of playing like their heroes simply add to the fun. Making those dreams become work defeats the purpose both of dreaming and playing youth sports. That's ironic. 
 

Technical Directors Meeting

Sam Snow

I'm writing this week from Franklin, Tenn., where Tennessee State Soccer technical director Tom Condone and I are teaching a National Youth License coaching course. This is the third course of the year with at least 16 more on the schedule throughout 2010.  I highly recommend taking this course to anybody involved in youth soccer.

During the 2010 US Youth Soccer adidas Workshop in Fort Worth, Texas, we conducted the annual meeting of the US Youth Soccer State Association technical directors. This has been happening now for seven years, and it is a time when we continue our own professional education and discuss matters pertinent to the youth soccer landscape. Dr. John Thomas, 43 State Association technical directors and I attended the meeting this year.   Joining us from US Youth Soccer were Larry Monaco, president; Kim Goggans, senior marketing manager; Mike Linenberger, head coach for US Youth Soccer ODP Boys Region IV; Todd Roby, director of communications; Platini Soaf, head coach for US Youth Soccer ODP Girls Region IV and Rob Martella, director of operations. 

Every year members of the U.S. Soccer Federation (USSF) Coaching Department meet with us. Attending this year were Asher Mendelsohn, Kati Hope, Roberto Lopez, Mike Dickey, David Rubinson and Juan Carlos Michia. We are always fortunate that Jeff Tipping, director of coaching for the NSCAA joins us for this meeting, and a special guest this year was Robin Russell from the UEFA coaching department. It is quite rare in most of the soccer world for coaches and administrators from four different organizations to meet together to work on youth soccer, yet in America this is an annual event. Gradually, the teamwork for the good of the game is improving.

From past meetings we have produced the State Technical Director's Operations Manual, the US Youth Soccer Modified Rules for the U-6, U-8, U-10 and U-12 age groups, Positions Statements and the Player Development Model. The Modified Rules are posted on USYouthSoccer.org and are taught in the USSF Grade 9 referee course. All of the State Associations use the Operations Manual. I will be happy to share with you the Positions Statements, just drop me an e-mail request. The Player Development Model is due for executive review at the March 20, US Youth Soccer Board of Directors meeting.

A new item discussed at this meeting was the revision of the USSF ""E"" License certificate coaching course. That work is underway and is being lead by Mike Dickey with USSF, along with several State Association Technical Directors. You should see the revised course delivered by your State Association by this time next year.

As I mentioned, each year we also have a bit of professional development for those attending this meeting. This year we were very fortunate to have Dr. Don Kirkendall deliver a presentation on the FIFA 11 +. Dr. Kirkendall is a member of FIFA-Medical And Research Center (F-MARC). F-MARC, established in 1994, is an independent research body of FIFA uniting an international group of experts in soccer medicine. The mission of F-MARC is to protect the health of female and male soccer players on all levels of skill as well as to promote soccer as a health-enhancing leisure activity. Dr. Kirkendall gave a very good and detailed presentation on The 11+ - a complete warm up to prevent injuries. US Youth Soccer is promoting this aspect of training within the Olympic Development Program. You can learn more about the program via this link: http://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/developing/medical/the11/.

The final session at this meeting was with Asher Mendelsohn, director of referees, coaching administration and Development Academy programs for USSF. He delivered an update to the coaches in the USSF Player Development Pyramid and the focus now turning to Level 1. Level 1 of the pyramid is the U-6 to U-12 age groups. This is a long-term project to improve the grassroots soccer experience across the nation. There's open dialogue happening with USSF and US Youth Soccer on the topic, which is very encouraging. Perhaps one of the concepts from the USSF ""Y"" License is taking hold. That concept is that if we take care in the beginning the end will take care of itself. Let's focus more of our resources, including talented coaching, to the preteen age groups. From that new focus we will retain more players in the game and then produce more quality players too.

There's a growing sense of collaboration between US Youth Soccer, USSF and the NSCAA. Care to join us?