Monday, February 08, 2010
Last week I wrote of my work with the Georgia Soccer state staff instructors. They hold an annual seminar for their own continuing education with the goal of making themselves better instructors for the state coaching courses. A young coach from New York, 18-years-old, read the blog post and asked for the files I mentioned sharing and other advice on the craft of coaching.
One bit of advice I give is to play the game yourself for as long as you can. When the day comes, join the Over-30 league and then the Over-40s and then the Over-50s. Staying connected to the game as a player reminds us as coaches what the players are going through. It reminds us of the game's emotions while on the field and the reality of executing game plans. Now, with your coaching hat firmly in place, here are some do's and don'ts for coaches:
1. Prepare with attention to detail. Prepare your lesson plan thoroughly, bearing in mind the players' abilities, the facilities and the equipment at your disposal.
2. The key motivator in soccer is the ball; use it as much as possible in your training sessions. If you are using equipment, try to make sure that your layout has visual impact. It is very important that warm-up activities are well handled, as this is the time when the coach takes command and sets the tone. "Well begun is a job half done."
3. Action as soon as possible. Have the team working at the outset without an involved and complicated explanation.
4. Select a suitable demonstration position. This is important and certain basics should be followed:
a. Coach must see every player. Do not begin to speak until all are in front and standing still, the players nearest you should crouch down.
b. Immobilize all soccer balls. Have all balls out of the players' reach as you speak, if coaching in the activity, get the ball yourself.
c. Do not speak into a strong wind.
d. Players should not be asked to look into the sun at the coach. It is better that the sun is in the eyes of the coach.
5. Do not demonstrate a difficult skill if you know that someone in your team could do it more efficiently.
6. If demonstrating yourself, do not, if possible, speak while you are moving. A short explanation before and/or after the demonstration is desirable.
7. Involve as many of the players as possible and try to ensure that each one has a specific job.
8. Proceed from the simple to the complex.
9. Observe from outside the activity.
10. Remember you are coaching players, not skills.
11. When coaching, make sure you are wearing a neutral color from the players.
12. Try to make all technical exercises as realistic as possible.
13. The set up and collecting of equipment should be done efficiently.
14. Always have an adequate supply of balls available in order to avoid wasting time during a technical exercise.