Monday, January 05, 2009
NUMBER OF MATCHES PER DAY
A parent of a youth soccer player recently had this inquiry: ""What are US Youth Soccer's guidelines or rules for member associations to follow when considering limits of games per day for players? Is there any sanction for coaches that try to ask their players to play four games in one day?""
Here's my reply,
Both US Youth Soccer and U.S. Soccer concur in our recommendations for no more than one match per day. Here is the Position Statement from the state Technical Directors on the matter:
LEAGUE PLAY AND MATCHES PER YEAR No.13
We believe that the optimal playing and learning environment includes participating in no more than two matches per week. We also believe that players should not compete in more than one full match per day and no more than two full matches per weekend. There must be a day of rest between full-length matches. We strongly oppose the practice of scheduling regular season and/or make-up matches in a manner that results in four full matches in the same week. Modified FIFA rules apply: no reentry per half for the U-14 and younger age groups and no reentry after substitution for the U-15 and older age groups. In addition, we believe that players should not compete in more than 40 playing dates in a calendar year. Players must have one full month off from all soccer activity.
Related to this topic is this Position Statement:
TOURNAMENT PLAY No. 11
We believe that excessive play at competitive tournaments is detrimental to individual growth and development, and can serve to reduce long-term motivation. Do not multiple matches being played on one day and one weekend have a negative effect on the quality experience and development of the individual player? Further far too many playing schedules include so many tournaments and matches that there is never an ""off season"". We believe that players under the age of 12 should not play more than 100 minutes per day, and those players older than 13 should not play more than 120 minutes per day.
We also recommend to tournament managers and schedulers:
- The players should be allowed ample rest between matches.
- That all tournament matches be of the same length and that no full-length match be introduced during play-off rounds.
- Kick-off times allow players a reasonable opportunity to prepare for competition. This encompasses rest and recovery, nutrition and adequate time to warm-up and stretch after traveling a long distance in addition to taking into consideration extreme environmental conditions.