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Parents Blog

Susan Boyd blogs on every Monday. A dedicated mother and wife, Susan offers a truly unique perspective into the world of a "Soccer Mom." 
Opinions expressed on the US Youth Soccer Blog are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the positions of US Youth Soccer.


Mixed Emotions

Susan Boyd

Despite NBC’s gleeful countdown to their telecast of the Rio Summer Olympics, all is not well. Brazil is suffering serious political, ecological and economic problems, which will impact the summer games and by default our American athletes. President Dilma Rousseff faces impeachment, which began with a bribe and graft scandal involving Petrobas Oil, where she is chair the board, and evolved into a condemnation of her handling of the Brazilian budget. Once the scandal broke, Petrobas reported losses of $7 billion due primarily to the number of bribes and kick-backs they had paid out. The stock dropped 30 percent and began an economic tumble in Brazil. Rousseff has been accused of accepting bribes in return for issuing contracts to Petrobas at highly inflated rates. In December, the Brazilian congress heaped on, accusing Rousseff of adjusting government accounts preceding her re-election in 2015 and corrupting the budget. The lower house voted to impeach her and after some confusing political shenanigans by the head of the lower house, first annulling and then reinstating the impeachment vote, the matter went before the upper house. On May 12, the senate agreed to move ahead with Rousseff’s impeachment trial.

This political upheaval on its own might be enough to make competitors wary of participating in the Olympics, but it’s probably the least concerning issue. As Brazil devolves into a political quagmire, it’s the actual ecological muck that is immediately concerning the athletes. In the lagoon selected for several of the events, including the triathlon and open water long distance swimming, raw sewage enters at a higher percentage than fresh water. Several athletes who competed in events here in 2007 came down with serious gastrointestinal diseases, so serious that swimmer Chip Peterson had to eventually have his colon removed. He will probably return this year, but views with skepticism athletes who state that winning a gold medal is worth a little diarrhea. He paid a big price for his infection. Even kayakers, sailors and rowers face severe pollution problems, including garbage debris all along the courses and constant skin exposure to viruses and bacteria through the tiny nicks from scraping their legs and calves on the boat surfaces while rowing. The International Olympic Committee has been trying to quash worries and offer solutions since Brazil has run out of time and money to resolve the situation. Athletes will have access to immediate showers after events along with anti-bacterial cleansers and prompt medical attention. Epidemiologists study the waters, the air, and the soil in an attempt to predict the environments during August, but the task is nearly impossible as the tropical setting changes conditions almost daily, creating data that is contradictory and often unusable. Competitors will have to decide for themselves with limited information whether or not to participate. Balancing years of training against an unknowable health outcome is not ideal or even realistic. Haley Anderson, an open water swimmer, says she will rely on the people she trusts – coaches and U.S. officials – to help her make the decision. Unfortunately, based on quickly changing situations those decisions can’t be made until the last minute. A convergence of heavy rains causing run-offs of sewage-filled waters, high winds pushing garbage into the bays, and low tide allowing trash to accumulate on the surface can’t be predicted. August should be relatively dry, but given the instability of the weather recently, that fact can’t be counted upon.

Athletes who don’t compete anywhere near the water still face concerns about contamination since public water isn’t always treated and food-borne bacteria are prevalent. Even more significantly, a new concern has arisen over the past six months in the form of the Zika virus. Carried by mosquitos, the virus can also be transmitted through sexual contact. It has been implicated in birth defects of the brain, eye sight, and hearing, although there is no definitive proof that babies who experience these got them as a result of Zika. However, the virus does cause mild illness much like the flu, which can be detrimental to athletes without the added dangers of effects on a fetus. Since August is a dry season, Brazil hopes that the mosquito populations will be greatly reduced. They have also engaged an aggressive spraying program to help reduce populations and encouraged citizens to get rid of any stagnant water which is a breeding ground for the pest.

Which finally brings us to soccer. The U.S. Women’s National Team expressed concerns about the health issues in Brazil, and individual members are considering whether or not they will participate. However, at the first announcement of Zika, the team was focusing on a far more immediate grievance. They had lodged a complaint with the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission against United State Soccer Federation (USSF) for pay discrimination. Their complaint argues that despite doing the same type and amount of work and achieving at their jobs beyond the level of the men they were paid significantly less. That complaint has now moved to a court case in which the WNT has requested the right to set aside their collective bargaining agreement with the USSF and be allowed to strike. If the court rules in their favor, the WNT will have a major decision to make. They have won the last three Olympics and are favored in this summer’s contest. Should they strike and not attend, they will be risking not only their legacy as it relates to the Olympics but their standing as a role model for young soccer players. While the issue of equal pay for equal work is an important issue for women, it’s less pressing for the youth player than a gold medal and national pride. The case went before Judge Sharon Johnson Coleman in federal court in Chicago for first arguments on May 25 and will be under consideration for several weeks. Coleman could issue a ruling or she could require the two sides to go back to the bargaining table. If she does the latter then there will probably be no resolution prior to the Olympic Games. It will then be up to the women to decide how they will proceed. If they opt to strike in defiance of their contract, it could pile lots of bad press on a team that has been nothing but a source of pride for fans. On the other hand, they might opt to forgo the Olympics using the argument that the unsanitary conditions and unstable political environment make the trip unsafe. Their case will be tarnished if they are the only athletes who refuse to go on the basis of the problems at the Olympic venue.

Nevertheless, I am totally on board with the women’s case. In preliminary briefs to the court it was revealed that the men got a $9 million bonus following their World Cup appearance in 2014 although they didn’t make it out of the Round of 16. The women won their 2015 World Cup and only received a $2 million bonus. To be fair, that has a lot to do with payouts from FIFA rather than U.S. Soccer bonuses. Even more significantly, the MNT failed to qualify for the Olympics, although to be fair the rules work against them. Men must be U-23 to play on an Olympic team, reducing the pool of top players. There is no age limit for the women. Practices, games, travel, and personal appearances are parallel in terms of time and effort. What is different is the level of success. The WNT has won consistently, and if they don’t win, they usually make the championship match. They have regularly been underpaid when compared to the men, and they have a clear argument that the discrepancy is totally based on gender, not on ability. In terms of pushing ahead the agenda for equal pay, the WNT holds a significant and supportable position.

Where they differ from the men is on the professional side, where the women’s league is still struggling and the MLS has begun to snag big name players from successful overseas’ teams such as David Beckham, Henry Thierry, and Steven Gerrard. Women don’t have the same draw. The men are also participating in the other big sporting event this summer when the United States hosts the Copa America Centenario, a competition which brings together the national teams of the Americas. If American fans want to see some top level soccer, this is the event to visit this summer. Matches will be held in Houston, Seattle, Santa Clara, East Rutherford, Chicago, and Glendale, beginning June 3 with a match between the U.S. and Colombia. The variety of stadium locations guarantees a large percentage of the population will be within three hours of a match. On the other hand, you’ll need plenty of money. Even seats in the upper reaches will run at minimum $75. The lower level seats will cost in the hundreds of dollars. But you have the opportunity to see players like Lionel Messi, arguably the best player in the world, compete for Argentina, and top players from Mexico, Brazil and Colombia – all eminent soccer powers. Watching the WNT compete in Brazil on TV will be a delight, but seeing these Copa teams live will be stunning. I encourage anyone who can to attend at least one match just to see how powerful the game can be when played at the highest level. Barring that, be sure to catch the matches on Fox, Fox Sports and Univision.

This will be an interesting summer, and like many I have mixed feelings on the Olympics. On the one hand, I look forward to seeing the best compete in so many amazing sports. With Brazil in an accessible time zone, we can look forward to seeing many of the events live. However I absolutely understand the quandary in which the athletes have been placed with all the pollution and political complications. That being said, it is important to note that the Beijing Olympics operated within horrible, choking air pollution, along with some serious safety concerns for athletes and visitors. The Sochi Winter Olympics ran under the veil of serious political unrest in Ukraine, only a few hundred miles away and in venues that were not completed on time. So while we wring our hands looking at Brazil and wonder if they will be ready, we also know that ready or not, Zika or not, contamination or not, the games will go on. The real wild card will be what the WNT decides to do. I’ll be really sad if they strike and don’t attend, but I’ll understand. Some issues are even bigger than a gold medal.

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Soccer Hacks

Susan Boyd

Not so long ago, a hack was considered a taxi or the office flunky. Occasionally, journalists were called hacks although the definition got confused with flunky. You might hack into underbrush. Lately, when we speak of hacks, we’re talking about tech geeks who can break into the dense tangle of computer code and steal our identity. To hack can also mean to cope or succeed, which I imagine is how the term “life skill hacks” evolved. Type “hack” in a search engine and you’ll find ones for cooking, applying make-up, doing exercise, even dog walking on I’ll add to the conversation with some tried and true soccer hacks that I’ve found useful. Hopefully these can alleviate some of the stress and frustration surrounding the logistics of our children playing a busy, messy and far-ranging game.

Storage Hacks – My garage, mudroom, boys’ bedrooms, and even my family room could end up looking like an explosion in a Nike factory. Keeping gear readily available, yet out of sight, often proved difficult. My best tool was a canvas over-the-door shoe holder. There are usually at least sixteen nice pockets that can hold tons of equipment like shin guards, shoes, socks, water bottles and hand pumps. You can write on the canvas with a Sharpie, labeling pockets for specific items and kids’ names. If it sits on the back of the mudroom door, players can throw things into it or take them out as they come and go from matches. Some models of these bags have two reinforced grommet holes that allow you to mount it on a wall if that would work better. Another option is to keep those boxes that the new cleats come in. They can be covered with construction or wrapping paper and labeled to sit on shelves in the garage or mudroom to hold extra uniforms, practice jerseys, cleats, shin guards, and odds and ends of the sport. You can also use a shoe box to hold first aid supplies. The box can sit on the shelf and be picked up as you head to a practice or game.

Those long trips with electronic devices can eat up the batteries. Transport them accessibly by using a tackle box. The various compartments seem tailor-made for holding AAA to D batteries. They don’t rattle around loose.

A great hack for amazing ball storage can be easily created in a corner of the garage. Build two U-shaped wood braces from 1’ x 3’ with the U at least big enough to surround a soccer or basketball. Attach the braces to the wall one over the other at least 3 feet apart and leaving a 2” space between the floor and the bottom brace. Stretch bungee cords between the braces (two or three for each side which isn’t bordered by a wall) to create a “cage” for the balls. Kids push the balls in and out as needed, and they won’t unexpectedly fall as they might from a shelf or a full bin rolling out the door and down the street.

Dark and Stormy Hacks – All too often, soccer is played in the rain and mud. Dealing with the mess can be never-ending. Here are a few hacks to save your sanity. Packing up muddy cleats as soon as possible in a plastic bag will save the car carpets and the inside of a soccer bag. Having those bags handy is much easier if you repurpose a rectangle facial tissue box to stuff it full of those thin plastic bags you get from the produce department. You can pull out what you need while the rest stay nicely packed away under your front seat. You can also store some 13 gallon kitchen trash bags in your back-of-seat pockets and lay them down on the seats and the floor to save upholstery and carpet from the evils of a mud bowl match.

Since soccer bags tend to hold old socks and wet shorts, they can smell pretty foul. You could spray them with a freshener, but it tends to expensively mask rather than destroy stench. A great hack is to put one or two charcoal briquettes in a sandwich bag and leave it open. Pop it into the bag. It will not only help prevent mildew by leaching water out, but it is also a natural odor destroyer.  

Fill plastic snack zip bags with laundry detergent so you can do a load for the team while on the road. You can do the same with softeners and stain removers. Carry the smaller bags in a quart-sized zippered bag or a lidded plastic container to ensure no leakage. We all have old pillow cases sitting in the linen closet. Throw one into the soccer bag to hold the wet, filthy uniforms kids change out of at a match. You can wash the case along with the uniforms and place both back in the soccer bag. Much more environmentally responsible than plastic bags.

Gear Hacks - Pack a white and a dark T-shirt along with some black tape into a gallon zipper bag, which will suffice as emergency jerseys readily available should any team member forget or have a shirt damaged by the elements.

How often do we watch our little ones running across the pitch with their shoe laces dangling? There is a rubber strap you can buy to slip over the cleat and the laces to hold them in place, but getting the strap on can be difficult. An easier and less expensive method involves using the mini rubber bands that are sold in bags of 100. They are about the size of a dime. Slip the laces through the band before tying, make your bow, and then tuck the loops over and back up through the rubber band. The knot should last an entire match or practice.  

There’s nothing worse than losing a shin guard, whether it may be completely lost or just drifting loose somewhere in the tangle of a soccer bag. Take the thick blue rubber bands that are wrapped around bunches of asparagus spears or romaine lettuce and place one over a shin guard. Kids can wear the guard with the band in place and after removing them, slide the two together through the band.

My boys loved knocking the turf and mud off their cleats on the floor of the garage no matter how often I pointed out that the lawn was just a few feet away. I put a paper shopping bag between the cars in the garage and the boys then held and clapped their cleats inside the bag. Every few uses, I’d just dump out the clumps in the garden and put the bag back in the garage. This saved me not only from sweeping but also from the boys tracking into the house the grit they left in the garage.

Snacking Well – Keeping kids hydrated and satiated can be done cheaply and still be convenient. Rather than buying Gatorade or Powerade in six and eight packs, leaving you with lots of empty containers, you can buy either liquid drops or cans of powder and mix your own in a permanent water bottle that you can rinse and reuse. The cost is pennies on the dollar and doesn’t dump a huge pile of plastic on the planet.

Those snack bags of chips, raisins, trail mix or pretzels are convenient but pricey. Buy them in bulk and use wax sandwich bags to create your own bags. Fold the top over and use a single strip of tape to hold it close. The wax bags are biodegradable. A gallon milk carton can be repurposed as a carrier. Cut the top off at an angle, preserving the handle, which will create a waterproof holder you can fill with ice and drinks that won’t leak unto your floor or upholstery. You can even set these in a regular chest cooler to keep melting ice from soaking other items in the cooler and can be pulled out as convenient servers.

Oranges are a soccer staple. Here’s a tip to quickly make orange wedges. Slice off the top and bottom stem ends of the orange, then slice the remaining piece along the latitude only to the center. Spread (unroll) the orange into a strip where the orange wedges are now separated and easy to peel off.  You can serve that way or cut the strip into a few pieces.  

If you regularly hand out popsicles or ice cream treats for after game treats, you can save them from dripping on everyone’s hands and clothing by putting the stick through cupcake baking cups which will catch all dribbles.

Create a snack sampler with a plastic jewelry organizer. Fill each compartment with a different snack to have available during a long trip. Kids will love the variety as they get a little sample of everything from pure junk food to healthy options so that they don’t feel limited. They may even end up creating their own crazy snack combinations. Everything stays put in a tightly sealed container.

Soccer isn’t all that complicated in terms of equipment needs, so storage, travel and playing have fewer chances for thorny problems. Nevertheless it’s always nice to be able to simplify any of our needs. I’m grateful for friends who have turned me onto some of these hacks, especially when I was getting frustrated with clutter and constant insults to my car’s interior. We have apps to handle many of our day-to-day tasks, so having a few hacks to improve our soccer planning and implementation seems reasonable. Our kids may not appreciate them, but we certainly can.

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Player Development

Sam Snow

I want to share with you excerpts from a few US Youth Soccer documents that are great resources to any youth soccer coach. All of the documents can be downloaded for free from the US Youth Soccer website. To kick off, here is the introduction to the US Youth Soccer Player Development Model – Spatial Awareness.


A Progression for Coaching the Tactical Use of the Field of Play through Concepts of Space

This paper is not an analysis of individual, group or team tactics. Nor it is a discussion of systems of play. Instead it provides the youth coach with an age appropriate approach to teaching players concepts of concrete and abstract spaces on the field of play. As players mature at judging distances and angles on the field in relation from themselves to the ball, goals, opponents, field markings, teammates and corner flag posts then tactical decision making within the Principles of Play improves. This document provides coaches with developmental markers to be used within a thorough curriculum for player development, such as the US Youth Soccer Player Development Model.

All concepts, Principles of Play and specific tactics need to be learned in well planned and properly conducted training sessions. Look to the Coaches page on the US Youth Soccer website for session plans on these topics and more.

Soccer, like all team sports, involves both elementary and sophisticated tactics. Of primary importance is coaching players in the concepts of the game – known as the Principles of Play. Of secondary importance is coaching specific tactics to execute the Principles of Play. Gradually broadening players’ awareness of space and the use of space on the field will lead to more enjoyable and attractive soccer. The general Principles of Play and the division of the field help clarify tactics for the beginning player and competent coach. Within the zones of the player development pyramid from the U6 age group to the U19 age group, coaches should stair step players into elevated awareness of tactical tenets. Beginning with general concepts, coaches should progress players' knowledge to specific tactics in exact areas of the field. While it is true that knowledge of the theory of the game helps the player to choose the right tactics that tactical ability depends on equally developed theoretical knowledge and practical experience. Neither theory nor practice can replace the other.

Understanding the characteristics of the age groups will help coaches be realistic about the tactical ideas that youth players can comprehend. However, do not be locked in by the age group while coaching the Principles of Play. Take a step by step approach toward awareness of space and the use of space on the field of play. When players can grasp the concepts then teach them. If the players are not ready for a tactical idea then wait until the next season.

A recommended approach helping players progress along the developmental pathway is the use of ‘street soccer’ games. In these games clubs could mix the age groups and/or genders to provide for a richer learning environment. Another option is to use the ‘academy approach’ for an age group. In this approach the players are not on a fixed team roster, but remain in a pool of players. Those players then move between training groups dependent on their developmental needs at the time. More details are available on the US Youth Soccer website on both possible approaches to enhanced player development.

The Laws of the Game can be used as one of the tools in helping players improve their spatial awareness. Start young players understanding of the soccer field first with the actual markings on the ground; i.e., boundary lines, halfway line, etc. As they move up in age groups there will be new markings on the field for them to learn such as center circle, penalty area and so on. By the time they are in the U12 age group all of the markings from a senior soccer field will be seen.

Beginning with the U6 age group use maze games, and then beginning with the U10 age group add in target games, to help players get into the habit of lifting their head to see the field. In training sessions use dots, disks and cones to mark tactical spaces on the field in order to literally ‘paint the picture’ for the players. As players learn about the marks on the field of play they can be introduced to some concepts about the field that will impact how they play the game. For the youngest players it starts with understanding our half of the field and the other team’s half of the field. Progress this understanding by introducing abstract concepts about spaces on the soccer field kicking off with the channels on the field and concluding with the mental picture of the field as almost a graph paper grid layout.

While the first concept of space on a soccer field is horizontal, the halves of the field, the next to be introduced are the vertical spaces known as channels. Next to be taught to players are the horizontal spaces of the thirds. Finally, we end with subdividing the channels and thirds.

You can download the full document here:

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Decked Out

Susan Boyd

This past weekend I became aware of a fact that I knew intuitively but hadn’t really acknowledged consciously. I simply accepted it without consideration. I went to lunch with a 5-year-old soccer player named Will. He had just finished a match and thus came to the restaurant in his uniform.

The hostess greeted us and then bent down to Will and said, “Do you play soccer?” He replied with a “yes.”

As she gathered the menus and guided us to our table, she continued her interaction. “Did you just play a game? How did you do?”

Will brightened up, “Yes and I scored a goal.”

“Oh good for you.” Then she noticed his club emblem on the shirt. “My brother played for the Kickers. That’s a great club. What’s your team’s name?”

“It’s the Cobras,” Will beamed.

“Because you’re good strikers right?”

With a giggle Will sat in his seat, “I guess so.”

I was astonished. In the time it took to go from the hostess desk to our table, Will had not received validation for his sport, but had been included in a brotherhood of players and acknowledged for his good play. All because she noticed his uniform.

That’s the power of branding. We recognize how important it is for kids to identify with their favorite team and players. Kids clamor for jerseys, warm-ups, scarves and posters to make them feel part of something bigger than themselves, and to also aspire to something. Even a simple uniform can provide big pleasures and self-esteem. I learned that Saturday. The pride that 5-year-old strutted without conceit was disarming. He felt like he was the king of the world for at least one meal. I had to concede a truth I had ignored — what our kids wear can have as big an impact on their character development as what they actually do. If clothes can make the man or woman, then a uniform can improve the spirit.

When my daughters were young, they always wanted to do a fashion show after a shopping trip. They would cheerfully put on their new outfits and dance and twirl down an imaginary runway. They felt special and attractive while luxuriating in the “ooh’s” and “aah’s” from the audience, which was made up of my husband and I. Their new clothes contributed to a heightened sense of self-esteem and joy. Should any item be a well-accepted brand name, it added to the effect. We often don’t understand the allure of wearing something from Abercrombie and Fitch or Justice, shaking our heads at the prices and, in some cases, at the low quality. But those clothes are just a different kind of uniform, placing the wearer on the fashion forward team. I hated when the boys wore their pants sagging below their butts. I couldn’t figure out the allure of such a ridiculous and uncomfortable style. I encourage them not to be sheep, blindly following some trend, but my “moral” lesson fell on deaf ears. With music and sports idols dictating the style trends, the boys just wanted to be part of that lofty group. If they weren’t, they felt that it limited their social opportunities.

When I witnessed Will beaming with pride, I realized that a uniform can be an elixir of self-esteem. For the youngest players it provides an outward show of their interest and abilities. A uniform provides a catalyst for conversation, allowing young players to engage with people and to occasionally toot their own horns, which can be both cathartic and empowering, letting kids know that they are accepted and can have pride. A uniform also makes them a part of a club where they should be valued. On the reverse, leaving that club and giving up the familiar uniform can be wrenching to a young child. We may want to keep the uniform as a memento, while our child may see it as a taunt of their failure. So we need to be sensitive to the measure a uniform sends.

Uniforms can create unexpected rivalries as well. When the boys started playing, they joined our city’s recreational league. They played on a team made up of friends from school and neighbors. They practiced on our subdivision’s soccer field with parent coaches. It was a great place to start – safe among familiar peers. However, there was also a select club that a few of their friends belonged to. While the boys’ uniforms were inexpensive, bulk products without adornment other than jersey numbers, their friends had Adidas uniforms holding the club insignia, their name and a number. This imbalance created a visual rivalry that spilled over to a spoken rivalry. I could see that some of the kids felt second-class when compared to the select team members. A few years later when the two clubs joined, the bad blood made the transition difficult. Some kids moved down to B teams while some rec players moved up to A. The cohesiveness of the team was made more difficult.

Nevertheless, one of the soothing factors turned out to be uniforms. Out in public, the kids all wore the same uniform without visible distinction between A, B, or even C teams. Instead those around town saw these players as one cohesive, accomplished group. Naturally, they should be valued no matter what, but having the cache of the well-known and branded uniform gave these kids an extra public boost. All local soccer players were part of the “in-crowd” as evidenced by the jersey they wore.

Another aspect of uniforms is that they need to be maintained. We can use our children’s pride in their uniform as a means to teach them how to respect property. They can learn to spray with stain remover before throwing in the wash, to keep their uniforms folded and together in a bag, to protect their uniforms from damage and loss, and to respect what the uniform represents. We can offer a special jersey, warm-up, socks, or scarf as an incentive for careful maintenance of the uniform they have. It can be a tool for learning as well. Kids should research the crest of a professional team they support and learn the history of that club. Studying the statistics and life story of a favorite player might teach a child how to handle adversity or strive for stronger skills. Teams regularly change their uniform colors, so kids can share in the announcement of new designs. Likewise, they can participate in groups who celebrate “vintage” jerseys. These opportunities to actually learn from their uniform choices can be priceless.

As kids develop, they begin to take a greater interest in where the sport can take them. They watch college and professional teams, identify players they admire, and begin to dream about the day they might be that good. They want to feel a part of that energy and advertise their devotion, so they desire that special jersey. We’re happy to indulge them because we like that they are showing a passion for the sport and it does make an easy gift to buy. But beyond all that, kids develop a certain amount of pride connecting themselves to top teams and players. No matter where they travel, they are sure to encounter at least one other compatriot with instant recognition and connection. It’s great for kids to find this global community membership. It can extend beyond soccer into culture, politics, and travel. Sharing the colors of a favorite club or player opens up many other opportunities for our children.

Uniform can have the stigma of stifling individualism as the term implies conformity by definition. Schools hope to eliminate the competition of fashion by requiring standardized apparel, helping students to achieve some equality despite economic inequalities.

The point is to create a community that fosters inclusion without demanding a loss of individualism. Soccer allows kids to bond through passions, support, and friendship under the umbrella of shared clothing. We can further invest those uniforms with our interest and support, adding a layer of confidence to our kids’ accomplishments, by wearing spirit wear. Our children feel validated when they see us in a baseball cap or scarf sporting the team logo. We become part of their team which demonstrates our conviction in what they are doing. That simple action can do as much as our high fives after a match. It’s an evident representation of our support that extends beyond the pitch when we wear the gear to the grocery or the movies. Adding a decal to our car advertising a club alliance reveals our endorsement of both our children and their team.

Rather than limiting our children, uniforms can actually open them to a larger community where members share a specific interest but retain all the other variables that make them individuals. It may be why uniforms are called kits in Great Britain. While uniform implies restrictive conformity, kit implies something from which one would build or explore. Nevertheless, despite the term’s association with a standardized, unvarying image, uniforms don’t have to be restrictive. Even as they bind players through a common look and goal, they also allow players to go out in the world with the confidence that they are part of a supportive brother- or sisterhood. By revealing players’ allegiance both to a club and a sport, the uniform becomes a means to introduce them to a wider world of participants. When Will entered that restaurant in his uniform, he instantly became recognizable as a member of a larger citizenry. Even the age difference between the hostess and him was bridged by a shared experience revealed through the uniform. In a way, a uniform becomes a special language that thousands speak with pride.

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